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Melons and Pumpkins

Melons are a useful food source, and are used in brewing potions. Pumpkins are not edible, but can be worn as a helmet for protection against Endermen. Pumpkins are also used for crafting Jack'o'Lanterns, a decorative lighting fixture.


Seeds for both melons and pumpkins can be obtained from chests in dungeons and abandoned mineshafts. Seeds can also be obtained from melon slices and pumpkins, and pumpkins can be found growing wild.

Building a Farm

Melons and pumpkins grow on hydrated farmland (for a quick guide to farmland and irrigation, see here).

The plant grows on one square of farmland, and when it is mature, melons or pumpkins will start to appear on an adjacent farmland square.

Update: this information is not quite up to date: melon and pumpkin seeds still need to be planted on farmland, but the fruit will now grow on any kind of dirt, grass or farmland adjacent to the plant. That makes things even easier!



Here are two layouts for a small and a large farm.

Melon and Pumpkin Farms

Light and Fences

You will need to provide plenty of light if farming underground. Fences or something to keep mobs off your farmland may also be a good idea.


Plant the seeds on the farmland. They will start to grow.

Small melon farm

Small melon farm with seeds planted. The stone around the edge stops grass encroaching on the farmland.

You can make the plants grow instantly using bonemeal, but it will still take time for the fruits to appear.


Small melon farm ready for harvest

Ready for harvest.


Harvest the fruit (an axe makes quick work of pumpkins, and a sword is good for melons, but anything will do), and you will see that the plant remains, but the farmland that the fruit grew on has reverted to dirt. Use your hoe to make it back into farmland, and another melon or pumpkin will grow. Another melon or pumpkin will grow soon!

Large Melon Farm


Tip: Cover the water with slabs, or better still, lily pads if you find some in a swamp, to stop fruit falling in.

melon farm with lily pads